UN approves a treaty that prohibits the use, creation, sale, or ownership of nuclear weapons for signatories on its 75th birthday. This treaty received the 50th ratification required to make nuclear weapons illegal for affirming nations under international law.
Countries like Thailand, Mexico, South Africa, Nigeria, New Zealand, and Austria are among the ratifying nations. Antonio Guterres, the Secretary-General of the United Nations said the treaty was a “meaningful commitment towards the total elimination of nuclear weapons.
The 50th ratifying nation, Honduras signed the treaty on the 75th anniversary of the United Nations. The United Nations is an international body created after World War II with the aim of promoting peace and unity among nations.
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The treaty will be implemented on January 22nd, 2021prohibits all stages and utilizations of nuclear weapons within any nation that ratified the treaty. The treaty also included mechanisms that will enable these nations to hold one another accountable if there is any breach in the treaty.
Nuclear-armed states such as the U.S, UK, China, and France have refused to sign the treaty. Although those nations haven’t signed the treaty, the treaty has passed the drawing board and has become international law and this shows that those governments have resolved to the prohibition of nuclear weapons.
One of the last survivors of Hiroshima’s bombing, Setsuko Thurlow, has been a strong campaigner for this treaty and the founder of the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN).