Floating gardens have been developed in Bangladesh to help protect crops anytime it floods. This innovation could provide a lasting solution to farmers that dwell in areas prone to flood.
According to a study, these floating gardens developed in Bangladesh wouldn’t only reduce food insecurity, but would also offer income for rural communities prone to flood.
We are focused here on adaptive change for people who are victims of climate change, but who did not cause climate change.Craig Jenkins, a co-author of the study
According to Craig, Bangladesh isn’t the cause of the carbon problem being faced in the world and yet it is being impacted by climate change already.
The idea of floating gardens in Bangladesh started many years ago. These gardens are made from plants that float in water, known as water hyacinths. These plants were utilized to help grow food during flooding seasons.
The farmers made a version of raised-bed gardens that don’t sink in the water by layering these plants three feet deep. After that, they cultivate vegetables inside the rafts created.
You can also read: Orchid Believed to Be Extinct in UK Was Found on the London Bank’s Rooftop
These raft-plants produce nutrients as they decompose and as such, they help feed the vegetable plants. The farmers cultivate vegetable plants like spinach, okra, eggplant, and some gourds. Some plants such as ginger and turmeric are also included.
Floating gardens have also become common in parts of Myanmar, India, and Cambodia. The UN Food and Agricultural Organization called the floating gardens developed in Bangladesh an Important Agricultural Heritage System across the world.
Floating gardens are a lasting solution that helps farmers keep planting crops during flood seasons. Climate change increases the severity of flooding and weather extremes as well.
The researchers wanted to know if these floating gardens developed in Bangladesh could be a sustainable farming approach as climate change continues to lead to droughts and floods. They also want to know if these gardens improve food security.
A research scientist, Jenkins, said that farmers need to plant specific crops that can survive with less soil. He further said that small farmers in Bangladesh bank who had banked on rice crops have stopped planting them because of the impacts of climate change.