Tiger populations in India are almost twice as large today as they were in the past.
In 2006, the tiger estimation report listed 1,411 tigers in the country. Last year, it listed 2,967 tigers. Tiger populations are on their way up in India.
Today, July 29, is Global Tiger Day. Yesterday, Union Minister Prakash Javadekar discussed statistics about the country as he released the new tiger report:
Despite India’s constraint of 2.5% of global land, 4% of rainfall and 16% of world’s human population, India is home to 8% of world’s biodiversity, which includes 70% of the world’s tiger population.Union Minister Prakash Javadekar
The top three states in India for tiger populations are Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka, and Uttarakhand. Madhya Pradesh has 526 tigers, Karnataka has a close 524, and Uttarakhand has 442.
Most of the tigers in the country—65% of them or 1,923 tigers —are living in reserves. According to the “Status of Tigers, Co-predators and Prey in India report for 2018,” three reserves currently have zero tigers. These are Dampa reserve in Mizoram, Buxa reserve in West Bengal, and Palamau reserve in Jharkhand.
But the other 47 reserves do have tigers left. Corbett reserve has the most tigers at 231 currently in that reserve. In Karnataka, Nagarhole reserve has 127 tigers, and Bandipore reserve has 126 tigers.
Back in 1973, there were a meager nine tiger reserves across India. Also, regarding today’s reserves, Javadekar says that “it is important to know that none of these reserves are of poor quality.” Rather, “they are good or the best.”
Javadekar says that India is prepared to assume a leadership position. The country will collaborate with other countries with tiger populations. Together, they will manage tiger reserves and work on tiger conservation.
The other tiger range countries are “Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Russia, Thailand and Vietnam.”
Article source: Business Insider
Featured image source: BCCL