The observation of some small cyanobacteria living in the heated pools in Yellowstone National Park would help to discover a molecule that can be used to speed up the testing process of coronavirus. In 1966, a scientist observed these small cyanobacteria and the results of this observation will help provide a major ingredient in coronavirus tests.
These cyanobacteria discovered in pools of water that helped to create a revolution in science as they have proved that life could survive in certain conditions that are considered untenable, even for bacteria.
However, this discovery helped to find out a heat-resistant enzyme known as DNA-polymerase. DNA-polymerase allows scientists to test for Covid-19 accurately by replicating the DNA at will. Kary Mullis, an American biochemist found out that scientists can mimic the way DNA copies itself.
According to National Geographic, this can only be achieved when the sample goes through a circular cooling and heating process that destroyed the DNA-polymerase. However, this process was slow and arduous. It resulted in breakdowns in the proteins that would be needed to end the process.
Mullis identified that the species of cyanobacteria discovered in Mushroom Springs, Yellowstone, lived in water that was 191 degrees Fahrenheit on average and the DNA-polymerase might be resistant to the heat required to fuel the replicating process.
Mullis’s observation was right and it is that enzyme discovered inside thermos aquatics that is used to test for Covid-19. After converting the viral-RNA of the SARS-CoV-2 to DNA, the replicating process of Mullis is applied to where the virus is detected.