A new paper recently published in Nature explained how carbon pulled of the sky is converted to jet fuel directly. This method of sucking carbon from air and converting it is very unique.
With the importance of removing greenhouse gases from the atmosphere at the front and center of so many economic and policy decisions, the invention of an onboard system for carbon-neutral flight would serve as a big step to addressing the climate issues.
It is very hard to convert atmospheric CO2 into useable hydrocarbon fuel. In the past, this process is expensive both in terms electricity and capital. Utilizing a molecule that is well oxidized and stable thermodynamically, there are few things that can efficiently or cheaply ‘unlock it’ for reuse.
The University of Oxford’s researchers developed a new iron-based catalyst. This catalyst is an inexpensive way to pull out atmospheric CO2 from the sky and convert it to an instant jet fuel.
Some catalysts that can attract and force a transformation in molecules can also convert Carbon into hydrocarbon molecules for jet fuels. However, the use of this compound is limited since they are expensive or need large amounts of electricity.
During the conversion process, the authors also collected other necessary raw materials for the petrochemical industry. These materials are only gotten from crude oil. Essentially, what the researchers found out was a method for “mining.” This serves as a wealth of natural resources that can generate all manner of petrochemical products on the ground.
The advances reported here offer a route out of the current, worldwide [lifecycle] for jet fuels, based on the (present) Production-Consumption- Disposal/Emission structure. This, then, is the vision for the route to achieving net-zero carbon emissions from aviation; a fulcrum of a future global zero-carbon aviation sector.The author