According to a study published this week, it was revealed that annual deaths from air pollution in China have now dropped below the levels attained in 1990, having peaked in 2013.
The nation has been experiencing problems of air pollution especially concerning public health, which has high levels of both pollutants emitted by road traffic and industries and household air pollution.
The Lancet published the research while it was funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and the China National Key Research and Development Program. Air pollution was studied by the experts in all 33 provinces, special administrative regions, municipalities, and autonomous regions in China.
They discovered that between the years 2013 and 2017, particle pollution in 74 major cities in China dropped by an average of 33%.
It follows extensive efforts to control emissions. In 2005, 61% of people cooked using coal or wood in their homes. This reduced to 32 percent in 2017. In Beijing and around, coal heating was banned in favor of fossil (natural) gas, while clean energy has been promoted across the whole of China.
However, particulate matter concentrations still surpass the global guidelines of the WHO, with 81% living in regions exceeding the first interim target, and air pollution still posing a risk to the health of the people.
Researchers concluded: “Sustainable development policies should be implemented and enforced to reduce the impact of air pollution on long-term economic development and population health.”
Featured Image source: Li Yang